Relative dating methods in archaeology
For example, if a context is sealed between two other contexts of known date, it can be inferred that the middle context must date to between those dates.
The emergence of man through the process of biological and cultural evolution is a story of long span of time.
On the other hand, remains as recent as a hundred years old can also be the target of archaeological dating methods.
It was the case of an 18th-century sloop whose excavation was led in South Carolina (United States) in 1992.
Dating methods are most commonly classified following two criteria: relative dating and absolute dating.But this method is also useful in many other disciplines.Historians, for example, know that Shakespeare's play Henry V was not written before 1587 because Shakespeare's primary source for writing his play was the second edition of Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles, not published until 1587.Chronology, the study of events in time frame, is hence the central theme of archaeologist, like the geologist who deals with the story of earth history.In fact, chronology is one of the most fundamental issues in and perhaps a characteristic of archaeology.