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The routing changes direction on every hole to pose different wind conditions. That's how a championship course remains competitive.35 . THE COUNTRY CLUB (Clyde/Squirrel) | Chestnut Hill, Mass. Those events were played on a composite course, utilizing a few holes from the club's third Primrose nine. When he returned for the 1975 Open, he found it had been converted to a pot bunker.39 . To best utilize ocean frontage, Tom Doak came up with an unorthodox routing that includes four par 3s on the back nine. Said Crenshaw, "Our job was to marry the two distinct elements. There are no rakes at Whistling Straits, in keeping with the notion that this is a transplanted Irish links. Bell (1926) | 7,040 Yards, par 71A compact but clever design by George C. With its 18th green at the base of a natural amphitheater, Riviera seems tailor-made as a tournament venue. The design is dramatic and unusual, particularly the par-4 fifth, a dogleg right along the river, whose blind tee shot brings to mind the 17th at St. Instead of old black sheds, a high dune blocks view of the fairway from the tee.The front runs clockwise, the back counterclockwise, but history mistakenly credits Old Tom Morris with Muirfield's returning nines. | Willie Campbell (1895) / Alex Campbell (1902) | 7,350 Yards, par 70The Country Club's 18 holes that were the scene of the 19 U. We rank the Clyde & Squirrel combination, clearly good enough to be one of the top courses in the world. Holes seem to emerge from the landscape rather than being superimposed onto it, with rolling greens and rumpled fairways framed by rugged sand dunes and marvelously grotesque bunkers. We didn't want one nine up in the dunes and the other down on the flat." The solution was to move the routing back and forth and to artfully reshape the farm fields into gentle links-like land. It has too much rub-of-the-green for the comfort levels of many tour pros, two dozen of whom will tackle the Straits again in the 2020 Ryder Cup.45 . It's hosted an annual PGA Tour event, but no U. Billed as a Coore and Crenshaw design, schedule conflicts kept Ben Crenshaw from participating.The routing on this glorious collection of holes is heart-pounding, starting along rocks and crashing surf, moving inland but not out of the wind, returning to ocean edge at the downhill 10th, pitch-shot 11th and drivable par-4 12th. Thomas, but rather the more visually exciting style of Thomas's associate, William P. The hole strategies will play sensationally when LA North hosts the 2017 Walker Cup and the 2023 U. Original owner Steve Wynn spent that much money because that's what casino hotel owners do, create fantasies like Vermont in Vegas.It then wanders into dunes before a crescendo closing hole curving along Victoria Cove beach, which is in play at low tides.47 . Alas, this once-in-a-lifetime dream design has been too successful, triggering many equally expensive, but inferior, imitations.55 . | Tom Fazio (2004) | 7,480 Yards, par 72The Alotian Club gives us a hint of what Augusta National would have looked like had Bobby Jones established his dream course on even hillier terrain than Augusta.The opinions expressed in the Hoover Digest are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Hoover Institution, Stanford University, or their supporters.The Hoover Digest (ISSN 1088-5161) is published quarterly by the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Stanford University, Stanford CA 94305-6010.So Cypress remains timeless, if short, its charm helped in part by superintendent Jeff Markow, who re-established Mackenzie's unique bunkering with the help of old photographs.7 . To American visitors, the look of Sunningdale brings to mind Pine Valley or Pinehurst.21 . Mac Kenzie made a brief visit the following year and suggested the bunkering, which was constructed by greenkeeper Mick Morcom before he built Royal Melbourne's two courses. | Southport, England | 7,156 yards, par 70Site of Jordan Spieth's remarkable Open victory in 2017, Royal Birkdale has also been the venue for past Women's British Opens, Ryder Cups, Walker and Curtis Cups. Forty years after that, grandson Martin revised the course for its ninth Open Championship, the one Spieth tried to throw away on the 13th before quickly rallying, going birdie-eagle on the next two holes to ultimately win by three.24 . By moving just 4,000 cubic yards of earth, and letting the winds shape (and reshape) the bunkers, the duo created what is undoubtedly the most natural golf course in America. Cape Kidnappers was also the International winner of a 2012 Environmental Leaders in Golf Award, co-sponsored by Golf Digest.29 . One drawback is that the putting surfaces are so old-fashioned that they're too steep for today's green speeds. The greens are no longer Ross, replaced 50 years ago in a regrassing effort that showed little appreciation for the original rolling contours. Dick Wilson replaced them in 1947, his own version meant to the imitate crests of waves on the adjacent Atlantic. Russell incorporated a few of those holes.) A slight flaw may be that all four par 3s play in the same northerly direction. | Dublin, Ohio | Jack Nicklaus & Desmond Muirhead (1974) | 7,392 Yards, par 72This is the course that Jack built, and rebuilt, and rebuilt again and again. They also built a pond on another par 3 and relocated the green on the par-4 18th. | Pete Dye (1991) | 7,356 yards, par 72The first course designed for a specific event -- the 1991 Ryder Cup -- this manufactured linksland-meets-lagoons layout might well be Pete Dye's most diabolical creation. The fairways flow through a natural valley between flanking mountain peaks.MUIRFIELD | Gullane, Scotland | 7,245 yards, par 71Muirfield is universally admired as a low-key, straightforward links with fairways seemingly containing a million traffic bumps. The bunkers are long, sinewy, shaggy, gnarly, windswept and, of course, strategically placed. | France | 6,584 yards, par 70A timeless 1927 design north of Paris by British architect Tom Simpson, Morfontaine looks suspiciously like a heathland course around London, with windswept Scotch pines and clumps of heather atop a base of sand. George's Hill, and the forest surrounding holes is far denser. Three generations of the Hawtree design firm, oldest in the world, are responsible for Royal Birkdale. did the present design, with its surprisingly flat fairways and docile greens between towering dunes, in 1931. Although minor adjustments are made each year, the course design seems timeless and unchanged.25 . The club keeps a running tally on how many putts end up off the putting surface.30 . In the past year, Bill Coore & Ben Crenshaw redesigned the bunkers again, along with exposing some sandy expanses in the rough. For composite tournament play, East's holes 1-3 and 16-18 are used along with 12 of the West holes.34 . Since its opening in 1974, Jack Nicklaus has remodeled every hole at Muirfield Village, some more than once, using play at the PGA Tour's annual Memorial Tournament for some guidance. | Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada | 7,014 yards, par 71An outstanding Stanley Thompson design, it's routed through forest-covered glacial land, with meandering fairways that diagonally traverse valleys to greens perched on domes. Sadly, he died in 1948, so Robert Trent Jones got the job. LINKS (CHAMPIONSHIP) | Scotland | 7,421 yards, par 71Perhaps the homeliest, certainly the longest and toughest of Open venues, Carnoustie is a no-holds-barred layout intended to test the best. George's, in dunes along the English Channel, is what writer Adam Lawrence calls the ideal mix of championship golf and gentle quirks. | Donald Ross (1925) | 7,152 Yards, Par 70Back in 1979, George Fazio and nephew Tom were roundly criticized by Donald Ross fans for removing a classic Ross par 4 on Oak Hill East and replacing it with two new holes, including the bowl-shaped par-3 sixth, which would later become the scene of four aces in two hours during the second round of the 1989 U. There is talk that the club may remodel those holes, to bring them more in line with Donald Ross' original style. If it happens, it will likely occur before Oak Hill hosts the 2023 PGA Championship.43 . Every hole is edged by sawgrass, every green has tricky slopes, every bunker merges into bordering sand dunes. Will that be a harbinger of a bigger USGA event to come? | East Lothian, Scotland | 6,458 yards, par 71North Berwick must be played with good humor. Some holes are guarded by gurgling brooks, but Fazio piped several streams underground to make the course more playable and walkable.
After all, architects Ronald Fream and David Dale spent an estimated million in the early 2000s creating it. CASA DE CAMPO (TEETH OF THE DOG) | La Romana, Dominican Republic | 7,471 yards, par 72The Dominican Republic is now a major golf destination. Pete Dye has been periodically rebuilding and updating his earliest international masterpiece following repeated hurricane damage. KOREA | Incheon City, South Korea | 7,470 yards, par 72Lying in the shadow of skyscrapers in the Songdo International Business District, this is an impressive Nicklaus design, one that transformed a flat, dull site into a surprisingly rolling, pine-dotted layout with water on 11 holes, equitably distributed with six hazards to the left and five to the right.
With lakes connected by cascading weirs and a par-5 18th finishing on an island green, the course hosted the 2017 CJ Cup @ Nine Bridges, the first official American PGA Tour event held in Korea.46 . (1921) | 7,236 Yards, par 71It's on the edge of Tinsel Town, but the architecture of the North Course at Los Angeles Country Club has been solid gold ever since its 2010 restoration by architect Gil Hanse, his associate Jim Wagner and their colleague Geoff Shackelford. It was the first Presidents Cup contested in Asia.54 . | Tom Fazio (1990) | 7,560 Yards, par 72Forty-seven million dollars to build a golf course?
CAPE WICKHAM LINKS | King Island, Australia | 6,725 yards, par 72American Mike De Vries and Australian golf writer Darius Oliver collaborated on a breathtaking site along Bass Strait, a notorious stretch of Australian seacoast that once shipwrecked many voyages. It matters not that Hanse's team didn't replicate the bunkering style of original architect George C. Tom Fazio said that budget was necessary at Shadow Creek to perform what he now calls "total site manipulation," creating an environment where none existed, by carving rolling hills and canyons from the flat desert floor north of Las Vegas and pumping in plenty of water.
He called it America's Lights Out Tour, and they were the Alotians.56 . Gozzer won in part because of its gorgeous views of Lake Coeur d' Alene to the north and west and the panoramic farm valley to the east.
Little details elevate the architecture of Gozzer Ranch: a slight false right front edge on the first green, the backboard slope behind the sixth green, the fairway contouring on the dual-fairway drivable par-4 12th that kicks even a short drive to the base of the putting surface.
With so much course-design work now being overseas, our editors used this as an opportunity to highlight impressive and unique designs that some of our readers may not have heard about. That's the challenge: hitting those greens in a Dornoch wind.5 . His greens are miniature versions of the surrounding topography. The greatest meeting of land and sea is clearly up for debate.12 . That means the notorious Calamity Hole, an uphill 210-yard par 3, will now be the 16th instead of the 14th, and the old dogleg-right par-4 16th will now be the closing hole, with a new back tee. Pebble's sixth through eighth are golf's real Amen Corner, with a few Hail Marys thrown in over a ocean cove on eight from atop a 75-foot-high bluff. 89th on this ranking), some tee shots seem to roll forever, but so do errant shots that miss greens.